LEARN HOW TO PLAY OMAHA HIGH POKER
Omaha High poker (also known as Omaha
High) is a popular poker game
in the world. There are two types of Omaha High games:
Limit Omaha High (there is a specific betting limit applied in each
game and on each round of betting)
Pot Limit Omaha High (A player can bet what is in the pot. Click here
to learn more)
Omaha High Poker uses what is called a dealer-button to indicate the
theoretical dealer of each hand. After each hand is completed, as with
standard poker rules, the button moves clockwise to the next active
player. This player will be considered “the dealer” for
that hand. Before the start of the game, internally the PartyPoker.net
system generates a fresh deck of cards for the hand. On PartyPoker.net,
we use a single deck of cards to play a hand of poker, where a deck
refers to 52 cards excluding the jokers. Online poker rooms use what
is called the Random Number Generator (RNG) to shuffle a deck of cards
for the hand.
How does it work?
The system generates a random set of numbers, which are used to place
a card of the deck in a particular position. Once the complete deck
is created, the deck is used for that particular hand only. We shuffle
the deck of cards every time we start a hand, and the random numbers
previously generated are discarded and new ones generated before
The First round:
A fresh table starts of with the first person sitting on the table
becoming the dealer and the next player posting the small blind. A
new game on an active table starts with the button moving clockwise
to the next player. The player next to the button / dealer is required
to place the small blind. The small blind is equal to half the lower
stake. This is a guideline for determining the blinds and not a strict
rule. At PartyPoker.net the small blind is rounded down to the nearest
value chip. For example – 5/10 chip bets Omaha High per the formula
the small blind should be 2.5. Instead, it is rounded of to the lower
value chip, so the small blind would post 2-value chip. However, as
it is just a guideline, the amount of small blind could be set differently
at the time of setting up the table.
The player to the left of the small blind is required to post the
big blind, equal to the lower stake limit. In a certain scenario it
is possible for more than one player to post a big blind in a hand.
This is if a new player joins a table at which a game is already going
on. The player would get an option of placing a Big Blind at the start
of the next hand or wait for his/her turn (as decided by the movement
of the button) to place the Big Blind in turn.
All the blinds in Omaha
High poker are considered live bets and the
players who posted them will have the option of checking, calling,
raising or folding when the betting returns to their position.
After the blinds have been placed, the down cards / hole cards are
dealt to each active player. In Omaha High, 4 cards are dealt to each
of the players, after which the first betting round starts. The player
to the left of the player who placed the big blind starts the betting
for this round.
Each player will now have the option to place his or her bets in the
first round, which is set at the lower limit of the stakes structure.
For example in a 10/20-value chip Omaha High game, value of each bet
is 10-value chip for the first round. When we say the bets are limited
to 10-value chip, it refers to: a Bet (single bet) of the value of
10-value chip, so when a user places “BET” then it is 10-value
chip, “RAISE” would be 20--value chip – includes
one additional bet and a call on the previous bet placed by a player.
Bets can be placed by playing any of the following options – Bet,
Call and Raise. Each player will also have the option to Fold. These
options are available to each player depending on the action taken
by the previous player. The first player (left of the Big Blind) to
act (in the first round) would get the Bet, Call and Raise options.
Subsequent players would also get the options of Call and Raise. To
Call is to bet the same as what the previous player has bet. Raise
action calls for raising whatever was the bet/call amount of the previous
player, and can be calculated based on the value of the previous bet
Every player participating in the hand should place equal amount of
bet as the previous players (includes bets, calls and raises). Till
the time all the players have placed equal amounts in the pot, the
betting will continue. There is a limit on the amount and the number
of bets a player can place during a betting round, which also would
be considered during the hand. The numbers of bets for a particular
round of betting has been mentioned below, please refer to the section
on “Standard Rules” for the limits on the number of bets.
After the first round of betting is over, the Flop (the first three
cards of the community) is dealt. The community cards are common to
all the players participating in the hand.
The Second Round:
After the flop and in each subsequent betting round, the first active
player left of the button is first to act. The second betting round
also limits the value of bets and raises to the lower limit of the
stake structure. So in a 10/20 chips game the value of each bet is
10 for the second round. When we say the bets are limited to a 10-value
chip, it refers to: a Bet (single bet) of the value of a 10-value chip,
so when a user places “BET” then it is 10-value chip, “RAISE” would
be 20-value chip – includes one additional bet and a call on
the previous bet placed by a player. Bets can be placed, by playing
any of the following options – Bet, Call and Raise. These options
are available to each player depending on the action taken by the previous
player. The first player placing the bet would get the Bet option (the
player left to the Button). Other players will get the Call and Raise
After this the fourth community card is dealt out – this is
known as the Turn.
The Third Round:
The third betting round starts again with the player left to the button,
and bets and raises are limited to the upper limit of the stake structure
(10/20 chip game, 20-value chip would be the upper stake). When we
say the bets are limited to 20-value chip, it refers to: a Bet (single
bet) of the value of 20-value chip, so when a user places “BET” then
it is 20-value chip, “RAISE” would be 40-value chip – includes
one additional bet and a call on the previous bet placed by a player.
Bets can be placed by playing any of the following options – Bet,
Call and Raise. Combinations of these options are available to the
player depending on the action taken by the previous player. The first
player placing the bet would get the Bet option (the player left to
After this the fifth community card is dealt out – this is known
as the River.
The Fourth Round:
The fourth (and final) betting round starts again with the player
left to the button, and bets and raises are limited to the upper limit
of the stake structure (10/20 chip game, 20-value chip would be the
upper stake). When we say the bets are limited to 20-value chip, it
refers to: a Bet (single bet) of the value of 20-value chip, so when
a user places “BET” then it is 20-value chip, “RAISE” would
be 40-value chip – includes one additional bet and a call on
the previous bet placed by a player. Bets can be placed by playing
any of the following options – Bet, Call and Raise. Combinations
of these options are available to the player depending on the action
taken by the previous player. The first player placing the bet would
get the Bet option (the player left to the Button).
Some standard rules
A maximum of four bets, which includes one bet, and three raises are
allowed for each betting round per player. The term cap is used to
describe the final raise in a round since betting is then capped and
no one can make another raise. Once capped, players will have the option
of calling or folding only. Folding can be done at any stage of the
game. The action of folding basically shows the player cards being
moved to the dealer. The player from then on would not be considered
as part of the game. He/she would not have any rights over any pots
created on the table.
Apart from the fold option, a player could also get the option of “Check”,
in which the player can pass his/her turn without placing a bet. This
option would not always be available to the player, and depends on
the actions taken by the previous player in the hand. The player HAS
TO equal the amount of bet placed by any other players for each round
in the hand.
Poker is typically played "table stakes", meaning only the
chips in play at the beginning of each hand may be used throughout
the hand. This means that the player cannot get additional chips from
his account while he is in the midst of a game. The table stakes rule
has an application called the "All-In" rule, which states
that a player cannot be forced to forfeit a hand because the player
does not have enough chips to call a bet.
Exceptions to the value of betting in each round:
A player who does not have enough chips to call a bet is declared
All-In. The player is eligible for the portion of the pot to the point
of his final wager. All further action involving other players takes
place in a "side pot", which is unavailable to the player
who has already gone All-In. When a player goes All-in, the pot currently
at the center of the table, which has contributions from him/her as
well, is treated as the main pot, over which the All-in player has
rights. After the player goes all-in, all the new bets are placed in
a side pot, over which only the contributing players have rights. The
All-in player does not have any rights over the side pot. The side
pot is then given to the next winning combination.
As this is a multi player game, the players are expected to play within
a set time frame, the actions during their turn. On PartyPoker.net
we provide players with approximately 30 seconds to play with. Initially
the player is given 10 seconds, after which there is a timer countdown,
which is displayed on the table for 20 seconds. The user goes all-in
if he has contributed some money to the pot; otherwise his hand is
folded in case he/she does not respond in time. The system is intelligent
in detecting if the player has got disconnected or not. This means
if a players gets disconnected and reconnects back and he has some
seconds left for his turn, then he is given an additional 20 seconds
to play his turn. But if the player is not able to connect back to
the table before the time elapses, then the player goes All-in. All-in
basically means that the player is in the game, but would not be an
active player (placing any bets). Whatever pot is collected till this
time is referred as the main pot, and the all-in player has rights
(if he wins) to this pot only. After this the money that is bet on
the table is added to a side pot, over which the all-in player does
not have any rights (if he wins).
After the final round of betting, it’s time for – Showdown.
This refers to the action of deciding who the winner of the pot is
and display of the cards from all players (though this is optional
for the player, he/she need not show the cards). Five cards of the
total of hole and community cards (two hole cards and 3 community cards)
are to be used for deciding on the winning hands.
On the final round of betting, the player who bets first (or checks
first if no one else bets) is required to show their cards first at
the showdown. If they have the best hand, the remaining players may/may
not show their cards as they wish. The aggressors’ hand is only
turned over first if he was the last to initiate action on the river.
There is a set rank of cards, which is used for deciding the winning
combination. To view the various ranks that are possible, click here
If two or more hands are the same ranking, the winner is the one having
the higher cards. For example, a Flush with an Ace high beats a Flush
with a King high. If the poker hands remain tied, then the highest
card not being held in common (the kicker) determines the winner.
The suit order of the cards is not taken into account while deciding
on the winning cards.PartyPoker.net follow standard rules of poker.
Should poker hands be absolutely identical in ranking, the rule of
poker pot distribution will be split evenly between the two or more
winning players. If there is an odd chip, the winning player to the
left of the button/dealer will receive it.
The game play remains same for both No-Limit and Pot-Limit Omaha High
game with a few exceptions to the rules mentioned above:
In Limit Omaha High a maximum of four bets is allowed per player during
any betting round. This includes a (1) bet, (2) raise, (3) re-raise,
and (4) cap, but in No-Limit and Pot-Limit there is no limit to the
number of raises that a player can make. The only criteria being that
you cannot raise yourself, (i.e. if a player bets during a betting
round, then that player would have to be raised by another player in
order for him/her to be able to re-raise). If all the other players
in the hand only call or fold, the player would not get an option to
raise, because the last raise was done by him/her.
Betting Structure for No-Limit Omaha High
Minimum raise: The raise amount must be at least as much as the previous
bet or raise in the same round. As an example, if the first player
to act bets 100 then the second player must raise a minimum of 100-value
chip (total bet of 200-value chips).
Maximum eligible raise: The size of your stack (your chips on the table)
The Betting Rules for Pot-Limit Omaha High
Minimum eligible raise: The raise amount must be at least as much
as the previous bet or raise in the same round. As an example, if the
first player to act bets 100 then the second player must raise a minimum
of 100-value chip (total bet of 200-value chips).
Maximum eligible raise: The size of the pot: The size of the pot is
defined as the total of the active Pot (which can be either the main
pot or the side pot depending on whether anyone has gone “all-in”)
plus all bets on the table plus the amount the active player must first
call before raising.
As an example, if the active pot is 200-in value chip and the first
player to act in the round bets 150-value chip and the next player
calls 150, the third player has a maximum eligible total bet of 800-value
chip. The 800 total is made up of the 150-value chips call and 650-value
The 650-value chips max raise portion is equal to the pot of 200 +
first player's 150 + second player's 150 + his own call of 150.
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